The Rock Paintings of Bhimbaitka in Raisen District
Situated in Raisen District of Madhya Pradesh, Bhimbaitka is an archaeologically important tourist place with caves and rock paintings.
Executed mainly in red and white with the occasional use of green and yellow, with themes taken from the every day events of aeons ago, the scenes usually depict hunting, dancing, music, horse and elephant riders, animals fighting, honey collection, decoration of bodies, disguises, masking and household scenes.
Animals such as bisons, tigers, lions, wild boars, elephants, antelopes, dogs, lizards, crocodiles, etc. have been abundantly depicted in some caves. Popular religious and ritual symbols also occur frequently.
The colours used by the cave dwellers were prepared combining manganese, hematite, soft red stone and wooden coal. Sometimes the fat of animals and extracts of leaves were also used in the mixture.
The colours have remained intact for many centuries due to the chemical reaction resulting from the oxide present on the surface of the rocks.